Handouts: Graphics Reference

This demo shows a function that draws a person with the bottom of their feet centered at the provided (x, y) position.

def draw_person(x, y):
# ... draws a person standing at (x, y)


## Solution

"""
File: draw_people.py
-------------------
This program implements a function called draw_person that draws a graphical
person with its feet centered at a given (x, y) coordinate.  This program draws
multiple people on the canvas using this function.
"""

from graphics import Canvas

# Body dimensions
BODY_WIDTH = 20
BODY_HEIGHT = 60

# Arm dimensions
ARMS_WIDTH = 40
ARMS_HEIGHT = 40

def main():
canvas = Canvas()
canvas.set_canvas_title("Draw People")

draw_person(canvas, 50, 150)
draw_person(canvas, 100, 300)
draw_person(canvas, 500, 200)
draw_person(canvas, 300, 250)
draw_person(canvas, 700, 310)

canvas.mainloop()

def draw_person(canvas, x, y):
"""
Draws a graphical person with its feet centered at the given coordinate.
The person is drawn with a green body, black arms on the sides (drawn as one
"""

body_top_left_y = y - BODY_HEIGHT

"""
The arms are a single rectangle "behind" the body
to appear as two separate rectangles.
"""
arms_x = x - ARMS_WIDTH / 2
arms = canvas.create_rectangle(arms_x,
body_top_left_y,
arms_x + ARMS_WIDTH,
body_top_left_y + ARMS_HEIGHT)
canvas.set_color(arms, "green")

"""
The body is a single rectangle "in front of" the arms
that stretches from the bottom of the person to its head.
"""
body_top_left_x = x - BODY_WIDTH / 2
body = canvas.create_rectangle(body_top_left_x,
body_top_left_y,
body_top_left_x + BODY_WIDTH,
body_top_left_y + BODY_HEIGHT)
canvas.set_color(body, "black")

# The head is a blue oval on top of the body and arms.